Reply To: The best way for a society to prepare its young people for leadership in government, industry, or other fields is by instilling in them a sense of cooperation, not competition.
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University: the University of Sydney
A sense of cooperation, compared to competition, is claimed to be of more significance when preparing young leaders. Since the society is fraught with competitions of all sorts already, I totally agree with the claim.
One reason to support instilling cooperation rather than competition into young people is that collaboration among strangers is the bedrock of modern society. From the production of a tiny commodity to the whole country’s operation, collaborative work is a leading element of our daily life. Consider economy, according to the specialization theory concluded by Adam Smith, specialization, which prompts social productivity, makes a country wealthy. Moreover, trade within and between countries has brought about enormous mutual benefits over centuries. The division of labor, accompanied by cooperation among individuals, departments, and even countries has contributed to better lives for people all over the world. This success makes it important for young people to learn how to cooperate with each other, which enables them to become good leaders in government, industry, or other fields.
In addition, leadership, actually, is the advanced version of cooperation. People who take charge of a department, institution, company, or government are skilled at identifying potential and intelligent people, assigning specialized tasks to appropriate people, and taking valuable and suitable suggestions. Mao zedong, during the Second Sino-Japanese War, formed an alliance with Kuomintang fighting together against the warlords and imperialists. The cooperation between the two parties, although fell apart soon, accelerated the process of the revolution. By contrast, the leader of the Kuomintang, disregarded the importance of cooperation, ultimately ruined this union, however, and resulted in a civil war. An outstanding leader is aware of the truth that teamwork divides the task and multiplies the success.
This generation, however, has to compete with each other from an early age. They struggle to do better than their peers or even themselves every single day. Some people have taken it for granted that competition is an effective approach to inspire children’s commitment to the tasks and develop essential skills. They, however, do not realize the backfire caused. One extreme example is Adolf Hitler, who was obsessed with fostering competition among his subordinates in order to consolidate and maximize his power. Even more extremely, he tried to prove that his race was superior to others, which finally resulted in the tragedy of Jewish and turbulence throughout the world. Excessive and unhealthy competitions will not contribute to improvement or development among the kids but stress, discrimination, and moreover, extremist. According to that, a sense of competition is no longer needed to be taught.
To sum up, for the reason that everyone is confronted with competition every day, it is reasonable to make a claim — a sense of cooperation is more important than competition when preparing young leaders.