Reply To: The best way for a society to prepare its young people for leadership in government, industry, or other fields is by instilling in them a sense of cooperation, not competition.
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University: the University of Sydney
Compared with the competition, a sense of cooperation seems of more significance for young leaders. I agree with this claim, due to the fact that society is fraught with competitions of all sorts already.
One reason to support this position is that collaboration among strangers is the bedrock of modern society. Collaborative work has become a leading element of our daily life, from commodity production to the whole country’s operation. Consider economy, according to the specialization theory concluded by Adam Smith; specialization has promoted social productivity, and trade within and between countries has created enormous mutual benefits. The division of labor, accompanied by cooperation through each process, has contributed to better lives for people worldwide. This success makes it essential for young people to learn how to cooperate, enabling them to become outstanding leaders in government, industry, or other fields.
Besides, leadership, actually, is the advanced version of cooperation. Besides, leadership is the advanced version of cooperation. People in charge are skilled at scouting for talents, assigning specialized tasks, and taking valuable suggestions. During the Second Sino-Japanese War, Mao Zedong allied with Kuomintang fighting together against the warlords and imperialists. This alliance, although fallen apart soon, accelerated the process of the revolution. By contrast, the Kuomintang leader disregarded the importance of cooperation, which ultimately ruined this union and resulted in a civil war. An outstanding leader must be aware of the truth that teamwork divides the task and multiplies the success.
This generation, however, has to compete with each other from an early age. They struggle to do better than their peers or even themselves every single day. Some people have taken it for granted that competition is a practical approach to inspiring children’s commitment and develop essential skills. They, however, do not realize the backfire caused. One extreme example is Adolf Hitler, obsessed with fostering competition among his subordinates to consolidate and maximize his power. Even more remarkably, he tried to prove that his race was superior to others. This finally resulted in the tragedy of Jewish and turbulence throughout the world. Excessive and unhealthy competition will not contribute to leadership but stress, discrimination, and extremist. According to that, a sense of competition is no longer needed to be taught.
As everyone is confronted with competition every day, it is reasonable to conclude that cooperation is more important than competition when preparing young leaders.