Reply To: The rapid growth of cities has a mostly positive impact on the development of the society.
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Recent years have seen the tremendous expansion of the metropolises. Therefore, some people advocate that this urban sprawl is of benefit to society. I disagree.
Admittedly, many new opportunities are opening up with a rapid urban growth. One is that city dwellers have access to more chance of getting a decent job. From world-famous companies, investment banks, film studios to local factories, they all prefer big cities, therefore providing various jobs for all kinds of job seekers in cities. Communities can also benefit from adapting historic buildings to suit modern needs. As the rehabilitation of the Vogue Theatre in Manistee, Michigan, shows, renovating such buildings can be a source of community spirit and economic growth.
However, if a city continues to grow at a phenomenal rate, it has more negative effects than positive ones. Ongoing rapid urbanization usually contributes to a deterioration in the living standards. This has primarily happened due to the mass migration to cities. Because of a surge of immigrants, local cities don’t have a corresponding increase in resources such as education, health care and other amenities. As a result, governments may run the risk of inadequate schools and insufficient budget to cover rising social welfare costs. It is thus unsurprising that one-third of the urban population in developing countries resides in slum conditions.
Urban growth also brings negative impacts on the local environment. Since it is hard to accommodate this rapid expansion in urban-dwelling, the supply of housing can’t keep up with demand. As a result, inner-city rents soar and drive people, especially those less well-off, to live on the outskirts of cities where rent is lower. Affordable homes come at the expense of convenient traffic. People have to spend long hours on trains, private cars or buses day in and day out. What is worse, Vehicle missions will cause air pollution, leading to severe respiratory diseases such as asthma. By contrast, if urban development slows down, these problems could be resolved by building satellite cities, a measure aims to help diffuse the population, enlarge infrastructure and limit the number of cars in the city.
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