Reply To: Governments should spend money on railways rather than roads. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?
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University: Nankai University
Both railways and roads are significant to the establishment of the urban transport system. But today’s population is growing rapidly, and roads may be not well-suited for fast-growing cities. I maintain that it is better for governments to invest more money to build railways.
Railways are more suitable for the current fast-paced life. The transporting load of railage in a unit time is the largest and it is also the fastest approach of conveyance on land. Particularly in metropolitan areas, people do not have to wait for a long time before reaching their destinations. Also, rail transport has its own strong operating system. The railway has special tracks and lines that are not accessible by other means of transport. During the rush hour, transporting by railways decreases the risk of traffic congestions.
Rail transportation is more environmentally friendly. Powered by electricity instead of petrol, railways put less pressure on the limited natural resources. Utilization of alternative energy like electricity, to some extent, reduces dependence on those non-renewable energy. What’s more, as a form of public transportation, the railway lessens the number of private cars on the road. Vehicles leave a great number of particles in the air that are detrimental to the air condition. Compared to them, according to a study in Japan, railways emit one-tenth as much carbon as cars. Therefore, air pollution and other kinds of pollution will ameliorate as a result of the decreasing traffic flow.
Overall, improving rail networks is more meaningful for the long-term development of the city than constructing roads.