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  • Qing2077
    University: Communication University of China
    Nationality: Chinese
    March 25, 2021 at 1:35 pm

    Both the reading and listening materials focus on the ownership problem of an intercity train company named Amtrak. The core of the debate between the listening and reading materials is whether Amtrak should be run by the U.S. government or a private company.

    The article lists three reasons. The first one is that the national government lost money on Amtrak, for it keeps running underused railways in remote and less populated areas. Managing these routes costs hundreds of millions of dollars each year. The speaker disapproves with that reason, and says the government is misunderstood. The government’s main goal to maintain the railway service is not about money. Citizens who lives in remote areas have the same right to receive government services as those citizens who live in accessible areas.

    The second reason given by the article is the government’s ownership of Amtrak creates unfair competition in market; since it helps Amtrak provide tickets which are cheaper than any flight tickets. The speaker argues that the airline companies already enjoy lots of benefits from national government, such as helping them to build free control towers, train professional pilots and give them access to the weather satellite’s database.

    The last reason mentioned by the article is that rail travel is less popular than car travel in America. Rail travel serves about one percent of American passengers yearly. Instead of pouring money into Amtrak ,the government should use the money to build more highways. The speaker admits nowadays rail travel does have less customers, however, she thinks that this is because Amtrak is out of date. If the government provides affordable and fast train service like Japanese and European governments do, travelers would love to choose rail travel.

    Qing2077
    University: Communication University of China
    Nationality: Chinese
    March 23, 2021 at 5:43 am

    Both the listening and reading materials focus on a state-owned intercity train company Amtrak. The core of their debate is Amtrak should be run by the U.S. government or a private company. They each named three reasons.

    Firstly, the article states that national government loses money on Amtrak, for it keeps underused railways in remote and less populated areas. Managing these routes costs hundreds of millions of dollars each year. The speaker said it misunderstood the government. Its main goal to maintain the railway service is not about money. Citizens living in remote areas have the same right to receive government services as those citizens who live in accessible places.

    The second reason developed by the article is the government’s ownership of Amtrak creates unfair competition in market, since it helps Amtrak provide cheaper tickets than airlines. The speaker strongly disapproved it. She argued that the airline companies already enjoy lots of benefits from the government, such as building free control towers, training pilots and using free data from national weather satellite. In total, the existence of airline industry relies heavily on the government’s help.

    The last reason mentioned by the article is rail travel is less popular than car travel in America. Rail travel only serves about one percent of passengers each year. Instead of pouring money into Amtrak, the government should use it to build highways. The speaker admitted the lower popularity rail travel had, but she argued that this is because Amtrak is out of date. If the government could provide affordable and fast train service like governments from Japan and Europe do, citizens would love to choose the train to travel.

    Qing2077
    University: Communication University of China
    Nationality: Chinese
    March 23, 2021 at 3:08 am

    Stress is a common topic for all generations in the modern society. When the Internet connects the globe, people build social networks easily through convenient mobile applications. They tend to feel peer pressure when reading other people’s life-sharing posts; then become less satisfied with themselves. Thus, one important task for modern people is to use leisure time to reduce stress and relax.

    In this circumstance, spending time alone perfectly maintains the goal. Firstly, since most stress comes from social judgements, being alone successfully keeps away from the source of stress. For example, you will never receive any frustrated or anxious comments from your colleagues in rest.

    What’s more, even close friends argue over restaurants when hanging out together, resting alone avoids such quarrels. Instead of listening to other people’s wants and needs, you can loosen up and be your own boss. For example, I love to lie on a cozy carpet and eat potato chips to relax, the existence of other people merely makes me to mind my behaviors.

    The last advantage of spending time alone is being alone makes you think reflectively. By having a close look at your stress, questioning where does it come from and exploring how to live with it, one can really deal with them. You can follow the instruction of a psychological book to find a true inner peace.